ABB Switzerland Ltd. High Power & High Voltage Laboratories

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High Voltage Technology, Dept.: PGHV-X, Fabrikstrasse 13
Baden, CH-5400

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Key Contact Personnel:
Anja Burkhard, Head of Laboratories
Year Founded: HV Lab: 1935 HP Lab: 1932 HC Lab: 1968 Test Lab for Arresters: 1992
Major Export Markets Served (2017): USA, Middle & Far East, Europe, China


Dimension of Main Test Hall: 27.5 m length x 23.5 m width x 20 m height
Dimension of Secondary Test Hall: 16 m x 13 m x 10 m

Max. Volt./Current Standard/Remarks
Impulse Testing:
Lightning Impulse 2.8 MV, 150 kJ
(3 MV charging voltage)
Switching Impulse 1.8 MV, 150 kJ
(2.7 MV charging voltage)
Lightning Impulse 500 kV (mobile system)
A. C. Testing:
Dry  1200 kV, 50 Hz, 1200 kVA  Short time
Dry 500 kV, 50 Hz, 250 kVA  Short time
Dry 200 kV, 50 Hz, 10 kVA (mobile system)
SF6 Encapsulated 920 kV, 50 Hz, 920 kVA Short time
SF6 Encapsulated 920 kV, 50 Hz, 614 kVA Permanent
SF6 Encapsulated 750 kV, 50 Hz, 250 kVA Short time
SF6 Encapsulated 750 kV, 50 Hz, 60 kVA Permanent
D.C. Testing:
Air insulated 1000 kV
Air insulated 200 kV (mobile system)
SF6 Encapsulated  600 kV
Partial Discharge & RIV Testing: 1000 kV With coupling capacitance (IEC 60270), UHF PD measurements on GIS
PD measurements  550 kV and 920 kV
SF6 Encapsulated


Dimensions of Main Test Hall: 9.5 m length x 13.3 m width x 9 m height
Dimensions of Secondary Test Hall: 8 m length x 8 m width x 9 m height
Environmental Testing:
Small climatic chamber: 1.0 m x 1.1 m x 1.5 m; -75°C up to +180°C
Medium climatic chamber: 2.75 m x 2.0 m x 1.5 m; -60°C up to +100°C; rel. humidity up to 95% possible (dep. on temperature)
Large climatic chamber: 5.0 m x 8.0 m x 5.5 m; -60°C up to +105°C; rel. humidity up to 95% possible (dep. on temperature)
Mechanical Tests: All typical tests according to international standards (IEC 62271-100, 62271-102, 62271-203, 62271-104) performed on switchgear and components from 1 kV up to 800 kV
Other Tests: Measurement of mechanical stress with strain gauges, bursting tests of enclosures, determination of SF6-gas leakage rates of switchgear and GIS components. Shaker system for 20…3000 Hz, sine force peak 17.2 kN, 60 m/s peak velocity, random force rms 21.8 kN, 50 m/s, armature diameter of 440 mm.


Dimensions of Main Test Hall: 21.8 m length x 15.5 m width x 13.0 m height
A.C. Continuous Current Testing (stationary): 
Test Current: One-phase setup 50000A at a max. 160V
Three-phase setup 25000A at a max. 160V
Test Frequency: 16.7 / 50 / 60 Hz
A.C. Continuous Current Testing (various mobile sources):
Test Current: 4000 A at max. 10V
Test Frequency: 50 / 60 Hz
D.C. Continuous Current Testing (stationary):
Test Current: 10000 A at max. 20 V
(12 pulse-bridge with ripple <2%)
Cooling Capacity:
180 kW water cooling; 140 kW air cooling
Measurement Capabilities:
Stationary temperature measurement system (magnetic field shielded) with 256 channels.
Mobile temperature measurement system with 120 channels
High-precision microohm resistance measurement and Resistance measurement of inductive loads (winding resistance)
Measurement of electric conductance
Stationary Thermography system with real-time storage/analysis software (up to 50 Hz frame rate)
Mobile Thermography system with PiP, Thermal Fusion, analysis and reporting software


Dimensions of Main Test Hall: 40 m length x 12 m width x 12 m height
Dimensions of Secondary Test Hall: 10 m length x 10 m width x 12 m height
Kind of Power Source for the HP Laboratory: Short circuit generator and short circuit transformer
Specifications of Main Test Bay:
Possible Power Frequency: 16 2/3 … 50 Hz
Max MVA: 3000 3-ph Max. kV: 264 Max. kA & Duration: 135, 3 s
Synthetic Installation:
Combined current injection and voltage injection method with 4-parameter TRV
Max. kV in Test Bay from Synthetic Installation: 1200 kV Making Device for high voltage making operations at 550 kV / 80 kA
Electrical Tests:
Medium Voltage Tests: Short circuit making and breaking tests, 3-phase – 157 kA, 11.5 kV; 27.5 kA, 36 kV; capacitive current switching tests 650 A, 264 kV
High Voltage Tests: Direct tests; short circuit making and breaking tests 3-phase; 3000 MVA, max. 128 kV; 1-phase 1800 MVA, max. 264 kV; out-of-phase tests – max. 245 kV, 4 kA; synthetic tests in accordance with IEC, ANSI; max. charging voltage 840 kV
Other Types of High Power Tests Offered: Artificial line for 80 kA, 550 kV; tests in explosion-proof bunker, single and three-phase – 11.5 kV, 80 kA; 128 kV, 15 kA, delayed current zero test
High Current Test Facilities & Capabilities: 160 kA
Other: Current zero measurements, high speed video (1000/3000 fps), on-line site monitoring, engineering, consulting; numerical analysis and measuring of network systems in normal and transient conditions; type test certification (STL/PEHLA)


Contact Personnel: Remo Mugwyler
Additional Special Facilities: Testing laboratory for surge arresters according to IEC 60099-4, featuring AC testing 400 kV, 250 mA, 50 Hz; test area to perform operating duty tests, test area to perform steep, lightning and switching current impulse to 100kA, test area for long duration current impulse followed by AC, test area for partial discharge measurements, test area for residual voltage test up to 500 kV, test area for mechanical performance tests up to 50 kN on surge arresters (dimensions of test hall: 20 m length x 28 m width x 6 m height)